First National Bank Tower

Reno City Hall (current)

Los Angeles architect Robert Langdon designed the First National Bank of Nevada’s landmark high-rise office building on the corner of First and N. Virginia Streets. At 16 stories, the building was the tallest in Reno when it opened in 1963. The building is an expression of the International Style, as evidenced by its visible steel frame, flat roof, smooth expanses of glass, and overall lack of ornament. Langdon’s firm, Langdon & Wilson, achieved acclaim in Southern California for designing a number of modern office buildings along Wilshire Boulevard in Los Angeles. Among their most famous designs is the CNA Tower, which was the first all-reflective glass tower in the United States.

The fourth president of the First National Bank of Nevada, Edward J. Questa, drove the effort to build the tower. The bank was originally chartered in downtown Reno in 1903 as the Farmers and Merchants National Bank. Renamed the First National Bank of Nevada in 1929, the bank’s business steadily expanded throughout the state as Nevada’s population boomed. By 1960, First National Bank operated 21 offices statewide and needed a central headquarters. Construction commenced on the 160,000 square foot high-rise in September 1961 and cost a total of $4.5 million.

The bank tower won the American Institute of Architects’ Award of Merit in 1965. Langdon’s design embodied the unassuming International Style. Because architect Langdon lived in Los Angeles, local architecture firm Ferris, Erskine and Calef served as associated architects for the project, and Monk Ferris supervised the overall construction. Engineers built a three-inch sway into the structure to protect it from earthquakes. The United States Steel Company constructed the frame. Southern California landscape architect Emmett Wemple, later famed for his 1974 design of the J. Paul Getty Villa museum garden, designed the bank tower’s fourth floor roof garden, which was planted by the local Arlington Nursery.

San Francisco interior designer Emily Novak created the interiors. Her specifications called for sumptuous materials including black granite columns to contrast with the white terrazzo floor, veined black marble walls, hand-loomed rugs, and thick wool carpet. Novak procured handsome walnut and brushed aluminum furniture, including at least one iconic Mies van der Rohe-designed Barcelona table.

First National Bank of Nevada, which later became First Interstate Bank, owned the tower for more than two decades until the Club Cal-Neva purchased it in 1985. The City of Reno took over its ownership in 2002 and officially relocated the headquarters of city government there from the former City Hall building on the corner of Center and Liberty Streets in 2004.

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1 East First Street, Reno, NV